Ruben Zargarian: Fake policy of Azerbaijan
It is not a secret that one of the features of Azerbaijan's foreign policy is lies and disruption of international agreements. Armenian Minister of Foreign Affairs Edward Nalbandian stated at the fourth Armenian Forum of Europe on October 19, 2017: "Baku refuses to fulfill the agreements reached during the summits in Vienna and St. Petersburg, which are aimed at creating appropriate conditions for the promotion of the negotiation process. As is known, Azerbaijan, as in the past, repeatedly retreated from the agreements, questioning its ability to implement them (...) Despite the numerous appeals of the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs to respect the unlimited trilateral ceasefire agreements of 1994-1995, Baku continues to violate the truce"(https://armenpress.am/eng/news/909472/baku-pribegaet-k-primitivniym-spek...).
In the course of a large-scale terrorist aggression against the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) in April 2016, Azerbaijan defiantly violated the unlimited agreement signed by Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia on May 12, 1994, on a full cease-fire and cessation of hostilities, and also an unlimited agreement of February 4, 1995 on strengthening the ceasefire that was signed by Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia under the auspices of the OSCE.
The Azerbaijani authorities, rejecting the norms of international law and violating the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 on relative the protection of civilian persons in time of war, committed crimes against peace and humanity, such as planning, preparation, unleashing and conducting the aggressive war, killings and extermination of civil society, killings and ill-treatment to prisoners of war, mockery of the bodies of the deceased, deliberate destruction of cities and villages, propaganda of hatred in the media and education system.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh Republic) Masis Mayilian on December 28, 2016 (at the time of the statement, he was the Ambassador-at-Large, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) stressed: "The April events confirmed that the Azerbaijani side is a non-negotiable partner in negotiations: Azerbaijan, having launched a newly armed aggression, not only frustrated the negotiation process and violated its international obligations but also tried to denounce the unlimited trilateral Ceasefire Agreement and the Agreement on strengthening the ceasefire signed by the NKR Defense Minister, Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia in 1994-1995. The diplomatic letters on the actual denunciation of earlier documents were distributed by the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the OSCE on April 11, 2016, and by the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations on April 14, 2016. Thus, the authorities in Baku tried to abandon the documents that were signed by the official representatives of the NKR authorities, along with Azerbaijan" (https://regnum.ru/news/polit/2222583.html).
During the period of Azerbaijan's aggression against the NKR in 1991-1994, Baku systematically and deliberatively disrupted all agreements, including agreements on the cessation of hostilities that were achieved through the mediation of Russia. Only in 1993, Azerbaijan disrupted the truce 4 times. Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev publicly admitted that Azerbaijani troops had repeatedly violated the ceasefire.
In 1993, Azerbaijan violated four resolutions of the UN Security Council No. 822, 853, 874, 884. These resolutions pursued a key goal - the cessation of hostilities. But the aggression of Azerbaijan was stopped under the influence of another factor – the military defeat of Azerbaijan. The first deputy chairman of the Association of Russian diplomats, the head of the Russian mediation mission in 1992-1996, the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation for Nagorno-Karabakh, the co-chairman of the OSCE Minsk Group from Russia Vladimir Kazimirov emphasizes: "There were around 20 peace initiatives from Russia and the OSCE Minsk Group, but only sometimes the Republic of Azerbaijan took a breather; for more than 2 years it was escaping from a complete ceasefire or disrupting agreements, trying to resolve the conflict by force. That is an explicit overestimation of its strength. That is an explicit disregard for the key requirement of the UN Security Council to immediately cease hostilities. In the winter of 1993-1994, Azerbaijan, already violating the four resolutions, took the offensive on different fronts, provoking the most fierce battles and the greatest losses in the course of the war. After that, the UN Security Council ceased to adopt resolutions on Karabakh, so as not to devalue them" (www.regnum.ru/news/fd-abroad/azeri/1296733.html 22.06.2010).
Azerbaijan, sabotaging the negotiation process and demonstrating its weak negotiating position, continues to violate the trilateral format of the negotiations at the OSCE Minsk Group fixed by the OSCE through the official decision of the OSCE Budapest Summit in December 1994 and the Prague Summary of March 31, 1995 on the Three Parties of the conflict: Azerbaijan- Nagorno-Karabakh - Armenia made by the OSCE Chairman. It is important to emphasize that Azerbaijan is not empowered to decide the issue of participation or non-participation of the NKR in the negotiation process since this issue of the trilateral format is legally enshrined in the OSCE's fundamental documents.
In 2005, an agreement was reached within the framework of the Russian-American Dartmouth Conference on Nagorno-Karabakh, held in 2001 in the trilateral format between Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. In December 2007, Azerbaijan attempted to undertake a revision of the "Framework Agreement on the Peace Process".
On November 2, 2008, the Presidents of Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Russia signed the Declaration on Nagorno-Karabakh in Moscow. In each of its paragraphs, the need to resolve the conflict in a political, peaceful way is emphasized. But already on November 26, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev told the Italian television channel RAI International that the document he signed in conjunction with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan does not deprive Baku of the right to resolve this conflict by military means. Baku once again actually renounce its signature under an international document. Vladimir Kazimirov, commenting on the statement of the Azerbaijani president, notes: "A very interesting interpretation of the international document and its own signature under it! In other words, you can declare anything, and do the opposite. Does not the peaceful settlement of the conflict exclude the military way? Can such an "explanation" and similar actions contribute to the improvement of the situation, security, and stability in the region and encourage confidence-building measures? The real price of each signature is realized" (http://www.vremya.ru/2008/228/5/218740.html).
On February 6, 2010, in an interview with Euronews, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said that "Azerbaijan will never agree to the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh and will not adopt any mechanisms or procedures that could potentially lead to its secession." In other words, the Azerbaijani President openly and demonstratively stated that he continues the policy of denying the norms and principles of international law that imperatively states the right of peoples to self-determination, on the basis of the mechanisms and procedures of which the overwhelming majority of the existing states have arisen. This statement was directed against the so-called Madrid principles, based on the right of the NKR people to self-determination.
Vladimir Kazimirov emphasizes: "It is clear that the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is not going to honor his obligations under a possible agreement, but only to receive everything he wants without reciprocity, and even better – without reliable guarantees of peace. That's the point of the matter. And Baku has a great experience of not implementing even the officially signed agreements. An obvious example is an Agreement on incidents of February 4, 1995" (http://www.regnum.ru/news/1274817.html).
Azerbaijan, like during the years of the Azerbaijani-Karabakh war in 1991-1994, continues to violate UN Security Council resolutions No. 822, 853, 874, 884, which are expressed in the continuation of hostilities in the form of escalation of terrorist attacks on the Republic of Artsakh (NKR) with the use of heavy weapons, threats to resort to military force again, refusal to stop hostile acts in the form of economic, transport, and energy blockade of the Republic of Armenia and NKR, refusal to negotiate directly with the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
In July 2012, the official representative of the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry, Elman Abdullayev, openly lied, saying that there is no report of the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on July 9, 2012, on "Conventional Arms Control at the Regional and Sub-Regional Levels," in which he stated that Azerbaijan unambiguously unleashed a dangerous arms race. The report states that the invariably aggressive and tough anti-Armenian rhetoric of the Azerbaijani authorities also entails widening the gap between two states, escalating tensions in the South Caucasus region and seriously undermining the negotiation process aimed at the peaceful resolution of the existing problems, especially the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan's disparaging position on this issue has an extremely negative impact on Armenia's efforts to create an atmosphere of trust and cooperation in the region. The document is published on the official UN website in all six official languages of the Organization (https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N12/412/94/PDF/N1241294.pd...).
In a document prepared and distributed by the Azerbaijani delegation in the summer of 2002 in PACE, it was stated that due to the use (by Armenian forces) in the Kelbajar region of nuclear weapons, there is a threat of radiation contamination. At the same time, reference was made to a study published in the journal Vestnik of the Institute of Microbiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. As a result of the verification, it became clear that such a journal does not exist at all. Moreover, in response to the request of the Permanent Mission of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in the Russian Federation, the leadership of the Institute of Microbiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences reported that there have been no studies of the radiation situation in the Karabakh region conducted by the Institute and, accordingly, there have been no scientific reports on this topic.
The policy of lies of the Baku administration's also showed itself in another statement of the Azerbaijani delegation to PACE: "The Union Atomic Garbage Plc., located in the Bahamas, built pits for storing nuclear waste in the mountains of Karabakh." Meanwhile, the official representative of the General Register’s Department at the office of Attorney General of the Government of the Bahamas, Verna Minnis, stated in a letter to the Permanent Mission of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in the United States that "after conducting a thorough research of the list of companies, we found out that the company with the name similar to The Union Atomic Garbage Plc. and under the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas does not exist."
In relation to the shameful deed of the release of Safarov in Azerbaijan, who was extradited by Hungary to Baku on August 31, 2012, and pardoned by the Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev on the same day, Hungary stated that such impudent deception from Baku has been unexpected. An official statement of the Hungarian Foreign Ministry states: "The Hungarian government was stunned by the decision of the Azerbaijani side to grant amnesty to Ramil Safarov, sentenced to life imprisonment in 2006. Hungary deems it unacceptable and condemns the steps of Azerbaijan that are contrary to international law and the promises made by the Azerbaijani side and confirmed by the Deputy Minister of Justice in a letter to the Hungarian Ministry of Justice." On September 2, 2012, the Hungarian newspaper Magyar Nemzet published a letter dated August 15, 2012, from the Azerbaijani Ministry of Justice that was signed by Deputy Minister of Justice Vilayat Zahirov, and assured the Hungarian side that the sentence on Safarov’s life imprisonment can be reviewed in Azerbaijan only after 25 years of execution of punishment. The newspaper Magyar Nemzet stresses: "Here is the proof. The Azerbaijanis have lied."
So, the question arises: did not know the naive government of Hungary and other countries that the systematic and deliberate lies and breakdowns of international agreements by Azerbaijan are at the core of the policy of the Baku administration? Moreover, the Hungarian people remember well all the horrors of the Turkish raids and the perfidy of the Turkish sultans!
The foreign ministries of Russia, the United States and France, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, the Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights, the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs, such international structures as the EU and the CSTO condemned the Azerbaijani provocation and are also well aware of the treacherous policy of Azerbaijan based on the Turkish proverb: "Agreements and vows are at the tip of my saber."
The article of the Azerbaijani political scientist Chingiz Sultansoy published on the Azerbaijani portal "Hakkin.az" emphasizes that, as a result of pardoning Safarov, Azerbaijan lost trust, especially in the negotiations on the Karabakh settlement. The author notes: "Hungary declares that Azerbaijan deceived it, expresses its protest. Is this another diplomatic "victory"? And maybe this is useful for the image of Azerbaijan in the world, especially in the negotiations on the Karabakh settlement? Should the Karabakh Armenians trust Azerbaijan, the promises of its leadership, if it deceives even distant Hungarians?"
The Azerbaijani authorities constantly distribute lies and systematically cynically falsify the events in Khojalu, which is a crime of the Azerbaijani leadership against its people. Azerbaijani photographic materials are compiled on a computer and show other historical events in other geographical locations. Photos, which are allegedly pretended to show the Khojaly tragedy, are actually the photos of the earthquake in Turkey in 1983, Afghan refugee children, pogroms of Alevites in 1978 in the Turkish city of Marash, killed Albanians in Kosovo, pogroms in the Balkans in 1999, Lviv Jews before the shooting, Ukrainian children that died of starvation, Hamas militants killed by the Israeli army. I will give just one of many examples. Azerbaijani propaganda presented a photo of the unfortunate victims of the earthquake in Turkey as those who were killed by Armenians during the events in Khojalu. But this photo was signed by the Turkish photographer Mustafa Bozdemir and was made on October 30, 1983, after the earthquake in Koyuneren in the Erzurum region. The photo was published in the newspaper "Hurriyet". Under the photo, it was written: "Kesban Ozer found the bodies of her five sons buried alive after the devastating earthquake in eastern Turkey." Details of the Azerbaijani falsifications with photos can be found on the website www.xocali.net/ru/.
Besides official Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani media is also distributing the propagandistic lies. There are a few examples. In March 2012, the mayor of the Czech city of Lidice, Veronica Kellerova, officially denied the information of the Azerbaijani media that it was decided to proclaim Lidice and Khojalu twin towns and that one of the streets of Lidice was named after Khojaly. Azerbaijani media referred to their embassy in the Czech Republic as a source of this information.
In February 2012, the French television channel France 24 denied the disinformation of the Azerbaijani media that allegedly a report with the Azerbaijani version of the events in Khojaly was shown on this television channel.
In March 2012, the Russian Embassy in Azerbaijan in an official statement denied the information of the Azerbaijani media about alleged statements by the representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry in the city of Mineralnye Vody, L.S. Filimonov, on Nagorno-Karabakh.
In November 2011, CIS Executive Secretary Sergei Lebedev was forced to come forward with a refutation of the statement falsified and attributed to him by the Azerbaijani press service 1news.az.
In September 2011, the head of LINKS, Denis Sammut, denied statements about the Karabakh settlement allegedly delivered at the conference of the Labor Party of Great Britain, which were attributed to him by the Azeri news agency Aze.az, and provided the text of his speech.
In August 2011, the head of the committee on strategic programs and special projects of the European Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO), Agis Zouros, refuted the words attributed to him by the Azerbaijani Trend agency.
In February 2012, the Georgian state agencies denied the information of the Azerbaijani media about participation in the anti-Armenian propaganda events of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia and the Academy of Sciences that allegedly organized a conference propagandizing the Azerbaijani lie.
On January 6, 2013, the Georgian Patriarchate refuted the quotation attributed by the Azerbaijani media to the primate of the Georgian Orthodox Church (GOC) Ilie II about allegedly belonging Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan.
On September 27, 2014, the head of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), Anne Brasser, denied information disseminated by the Azerbaijani media that she suggested in Baku to "hold a meeting between the Azerbaijani and Armenian communities of Nagorno-Karabakh." In Strasbourg, in response to a question whether the information disseminated by the Azerbaijani media is true, it was reported from the office of the head of the PACE that the statements made by Anne Brasser during the visit to Baku were included in the press release distributed by them, in which, of course, there is no information about the "proposal to hold a meeting between the Azerbaijani and Armenian communities of Nagorno-Karabakh."
This list can be continued. The evidence of the Minister of Defense of the USSR D. Yazov about Azerbaijani falsifications is very demonstrative: "The day after the introduction of troops into Baku, I went to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijani SSR Ayaz Mutalibov. He sits in his office and cries. He is all in tears. I ask: "Do not you believe that we will restore order?" - "I'm sorry that so many people died." - "And how many died?" - "More than 100 people." Indeed, on the mountain, where the Kirov monument stood before, 110 graves were dug. And 49 people were buried... On this episode, I once again became convinced that there is nothing sacred in politics. The fact is that on the eve of the introduction of troops in Baku with the one and a half million of residents, there was no time for the funerals for two weeks, during the continuing Armenian pogroms and rallies. Naturally, there were many unburied bodies, which were then presented as victims. Simply and cynically. " ("Itogi" № 15, 12.04.2010, page 30).
In conclusion, it should be noted that Azerbaijan violates Article 1 of the UN Charter, the second paragraph of which refers to the need "to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples", and Article 2, the second paragraph of which emphasizes: " All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered." The first deputy chairman of the Association of Russian diplomats, the head of the Russian mediation mission in 1992-1996, the plenipotentiary representative of the President of the Russian Federation for Nagorno-Karabakh, the co-chairman of the OSCE Minsk Group from Russia Vladimir Kazimirov states: "Violating its international obligations, Azerbaijan opposes itself to the members of the UN." (http://www.ng.ru/ideas/2016-06-10/6_paradox.html). The Baku administration rejects the international law in general that imperatively dictates the need to recognize the Republic of Artsakh (the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic).
(Translated by Nelli Efremyan)
Ruben Zargarian, Candidate of Science (History) Degree, Advisor of the 1st class of the MFA of the Republic Artsakh (NKR)